How much space do I need when planting trees?

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When is the best time to plant your trees?

It is always recommended to plant trees during the winter months, and so less likely to be damaged. Tree planting season runs between November to March, but it could last farther in Scotland as well as Northern Ireland.

We offer single trees as well as small tree packs in our site all year long because they come with their own plug of compost to protect them and thus can be planted at any time.

We don’t recommend planting more trees outside of the season as it could lead to an increased loss rate and therefore, our big-scale planting projects are only available in the spring and summer months of tree planting.

As soon as your trees begin to grow

Place the trees upright and sheltered from frost and wind. If the roots look as if they’re drying out, gently spray the roots with water to keep them moist.
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Before you start planting you should mark the location each tree will be put by using stones or spray paint, or even canes
If your garden is overgrown Cut the grass back and remove the weeds. This will help you plant more easily and lessen competition for water, helping your saplings thrive.

How much space do the trees require?

We recommend trees are planted about 2 metres apart, but you are able to plant them as far apart as 1-5 metres depending on your space and plans. The natural look of wavy lines is more appealing as opposed to a logical row of trees. If you’re planning to create a single hedge, plant your trees 30cm apart. For a thick hedge you can plant an entire row of trees in a zig-zag pattern. The rows should be spaced 50cm apart with the trees spaced 40-45cm apart.

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Pit planting

It is recommended to plant pits as it is more thorough and guarantees that your trees will have greater contact with the soil. It is suitable for all types of ground in particular areas with drought, but it can be challenging if you have stony soil.

To plant a tree , you’ll need a spade, a tree that is clearly visible, a spiral to protect it and an axe to support the spiral, and a place to place it.

First thing you’ll need to do is dig yourself a hole. It doesn’t need to be huge, but it needs to be deep enough to hold all those tree roots. Make sure you’re not putting your soil too far since you’ll require it soon enough.

Once your hole’s deep enough, take the tree and push it toward one side. This I find is the easiest method to accomplish this because you can determine how deep it is within the hole. You can also see that every tree’s root is covered, and that’s the most important bit.

Firm up the soil – you can utilize the heel of your boot to do this and ensure that all air gaps are out. It should be neat and firm . You don’t want frost getting in there later on.

Once you’re confident that the tree is firm, give the tree a little tug and hopefully it should remain in place.

The next thing you’ll need will be the cane. The cane will be put in close to the tree, but not to close because you aren’t going to push it through the roots that you’ve planted just recently.

Then, take your spiral, unwind one end, and hook it round the cane and tie it together. After that, gently wind it until it reaches at the very top. Make sure you don’t damage your tree while you’re at it.

This one is a little fiddly so you might take some time but you’ll learn it at the end. Then, push it into the ground, maybe a centimeter or so, to make sure it’s not a problem for any vermin to enter underneath it and ring bark the tree. Then there’s nothing to it.

Slit planting

This is an easy method that’s appropriate for grassy soil as well as bare soil. It can be easier than pit gardening if you’ve found a sandy soil.

Step 1

Press your spade all the way into the ground and push it backwards to make an slit. Make sure the slit is deep enough to accommodate the tree’s roots.

Step 2

Keep the slit wide with your spade and place your tree inside , using the root plug 2 cm beneath the surface.

Step 3.

Remove the spade and push the soil back around the tree.

Step 4

If you’re using guards for trees or spirals for protection of your saplings then this is the best time to place them. Press the protection firmly into the soil.

T-notch planting

T-notch planting is another quick method that is suitable for grass-covered ground, but not necessarily bare soil. This is a viable alternative to pit-planting in areas susceptible to drought, however it is not recommended for areas that have clay soils.

Step 1

Push the spade fully to the floor.

Step 2

A right angle to the initial cut continue step 1 to make T-shape.

Step 3.

Bring the spade back to the original cut and lever it up, separating the turf.

Step 4

The tree should be placed carefully between the turf sections.

Step 5

Lever the spade back out and the turf will begin to fall in. Make sure that all roots are inserted to the ground.

Step 6

Adjust the tree so that it is at ground level, and thoroughly firm down soil around the tree.

Ten Tools You’ll Need When You’re Planting Trees

If you’re planning to plant some of the most elegant shade trees, or planning to purchase an orchard filled with the nut and fruit trees Planting trees needs a wide range of tools to accomplish the task. Making sure you have the right tools will ensure that the job goes smoothly to give your trees a good start.

If you’re planting the first thing in spring or waiting until fall to benefit from milder weather, this handy checklist of the 10 essential tools you’ll need for planting trees will help make sure that you don’t forget an essential aspect of the job:

1. Wagon

Trees can be heavy, especially those planted in large pots. You don’t want to carry the trees far, so using a cart (either hand-pulled carts or a larger tractor-pulled tractor trailer) can help you carry the trees right to their holes without breaking your back.

Tractor-pulled tractor trailers are also helpful for hauling the rest of your tree-planting tools.

2. GPS Receiver

If used in conjunction with tape measures (see the next section below) as well as graph paper an GPS receiver will help you plan the most ideal location for each tree, allowing you to imagine your orchard’s future even while the trees are still young.

3. Shovel and Spade

The tools, including a shovel for scooping dirt and spade for breaking sod, and cutting through the soil, can help you quickly and efficiently create the wide and deep holes needed to plant trees.

4. Digging Bar

You’re likely to encounter huge rocks while digging holes. If you’re anything like me, once you’ve picked the perfect spot for a tree, you’ll be determined to dig the hole no matter what obstacles you’ll face.

A digging bar will help you pry heavy boulders out of the ground.

5. Bucket

If you’re dumping loose soil into the sod around your holes, it’ll be difficult to clean it up again following the incident.

Instead, put the soil into a big bucket. This will help keep things tidy and also save you time when you backfill the hole. A different bucket can be used to keep rocks.

6. Tape Measure

Instead of just calculating to see the diameter of the holes and hope they’re right, measure the width and height of the rootballs you’ll be planting to make sure that your holes are a perfect match. Dig your holes a few inches deeper than is necessary, then backfill the bottom with loose soil until the tree sits at the correct level.

This will make the soil more pliable that roots can penetrate in the beginning.

7. Utility Knife

It can be difficult to remove large trees from their containers. Though I am a fan of conserving plastic pots for future use I’ve discovered that the most effective method is to cut multiple edges of the container with an utility knife, then remove the tree this way.

The utility knife can be used to cut through overly crowded roots growing on the outside of the rootball in order to promote growth in the direction of outward growth.

8. T-posts

If your trees appear to be spindly and/or a bit crooked in their growth, stake them with a T-post will assist them in keeping them from wind which will help them grow straight until they’re large enough to be able to stand on their own.

You can also install T-posts around each tree for support of a welded fence made of wire to guard against hungry deer.

9. Fence Post Driver

T-posts won’t be of much use without the ability to set them up. A gas or manual fence post driver can quickly drive them into place.

10. Tanks or Water Jugs

Newly planted trees require plenty of water. Bring along a supply for them to get a good drink after planting.

If you’re close to an outdoor hose, great. If not, water jugs , or tanks can be carried by wagon to more remote locations. I’ve been using a 35 gallon legs tank for watering trees in my orchard and am pleased with the outcomes.

Have fun planting!